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苹果公司依然没弄明白FBI是如何破解iPhone的

Apple still doesn’t know how the FBI hacked iPhone without help
苹果公司依然不清楚,FBI是如何在没有其帮助的情况下破解了iPhone

The FBI’s announcement that it mysteriously hacked into an iPhone is a public setback for Apple Inc., as consumers learned that they can’t keep the government out of even an encrypted device that U.S. officials had claimed was impossible to crack. Apple, meanwhile, remains in the dark about how to restore the security of its flagship product.
FBI的声明表示,神秘地破解了一部iPhone,对苹果公司来说将遭遇一次公共周折。尽管美国官员已声称加密的的设备不可能被破解,消费者终于知道他们摆脱不了政府。于此同时,苹果公司,在恢复他的旗舰产品安全性上依然一头雾水。

The government said it was able to break into an iPhone used by a gunman in a mass shooting in California, but it didn’t say how. That puzzled Apple software engineers — and outside experts — about how the FBI broke the digital locks on the phone without Apple’s help. It also complicated Apple’s job repairing flaws that jeopardize its software.
政府表示,在加州,一名参与过一次大规模枪击案的持枪歹徒的一部iPhone已经能被破解,但没有说明是如何破解的。
关于FBI是如何在没有苹果公司的帮助下,撬开了iPhone上的电子锁,这让苹果公司内外的工程师和专家感到挠头。修复这些具有危害的缺陷,对苹果公司来说是个复杂的工作。


The Justice Department’s announcement that it was dropping a legal fight to compel Apple to help it access the phone also took away any obvious legal avenues Apple might have used to learn how the FBI did it. Magistrate Judge Sheri Pym on Tuesday vacated her Feb. 16 order, which compelled Apple to assist the FBI in hacking their phone.
The Justice Department declined through a spokeswoman to comment Tuesday.
司法部声明称,已放弃了用合法途径迫使苹果公司帮助他们接入iPhone的法律努力,苹果公司很可能已经知道了FBI是如何做的。
周二,法官Sheri Pym搁置了迫使苹果接入FBI的计划。
同日,司法部的发言人拒绝对此做出评论。


A few clues have emerged. A senior law enforcement official told The Associated Press that the FBI managed to defeat an Apple security feature that threatened to delete the phone’s contents if the FBI failed to enter the correct passcode combination after 10 tries. That allowed the government to repeatedly and continuously test passcodes in what’s known as a brute-force attack until the right code is entered and the phone is unlocked.
一些线索开始浮现。一名高级执法官告诉美联社,苹果上有个安全功能,如果FBI输入十次错误通过码的组合,那么这个安全功能会威胁删除iPhone上的内容。
现在FBI已经击破了这个安全防护。政府可以反复的连续的测试通过码,这就是所谓的蛮力攻击,直到输入正确的通过码而打开手机的锁。

It wasn’t clear how the FBI dealt with a related Apple security feature that introduces increasing time delays between guesses. The official spoke on condition of anonymity because this person was not authorized to discuss the technique publicly.
目前还不清楚,FBI是如何处理了苹果这项,在猜测通过码时,延长猜取到正确码的时间的安全功能。

FBI Director James Comey has said with those features removed, the FBI could break into the phone in 26 minutes.
The FBI hacked into the iPhone used by gunman Syed Farook, who died with his wife in a gun battle with police after they killed 14 people in December in San Bernardino. The iPhone, issued to Farook by his employer, the county health department, was found in a vehicle the day after the shooting.
The FBI is reviewing information from the iPhone, and it is unclear whether anything useful can be found.
FBI局长杰姆斯.科米表示,那些安全功能已被移除,FBI可以在26分钟内,破解iPhone。
FBI破解了枪手Syed Farook的手机,12月在圣贝纳迪诺,他和他的妻子在一次跟警察的枪战中,杀死了14人后,被击毙。
枪击后在县卫生局一部车里找到了这部手机,这部手机是由他的雇主提供给Farook的。

Apple said that the legal case to force its cooperation “should never have been brought,” and it promised to increase the security of its products. CEO Tim Cook has said the Cupertino-based company is constantly trying to improve security for its users. The company declined to comment more Tuesday.
苹果表示,法律途径强加的合作,“是绝不可能的”,同时还保证增加其产品的安全性。CEO蒂姆库克表示,苹果正不断努力提高其用户的安全。
公司对周二的事拒绝更多的评论。


The FBI’s announcement — even without revealing precise details — that it had hacked the iPhone was at odds with the government’s firm recommendations for nearly two decades that security researchers always work cooperatively and confidentially with software manufacturers before revealing that a product might be susceptible to hackers.
The aim is to ensure that American consumers stay as safe online as possible and prevent premature disclosures that might damage a U.S. company or the economy.
FBI的声明,尽管没有透露跟多的细节,破解这个iPhone给政府不懈努力带来了曙光。政府20年来一直在要求安全研究人员跟软件厂家,在披露一个容易被黑客攻击的产品之前,要合作与保密的工作。
他的目标是确保美国消费者尽可能保持安全,并防止过早披露可能会损害美国公司利益或美国的经济。


As far back as 2002, the Homeland Security Department ran a working group that included leading technology industry executives to advise the president on how to keep confidential discoveries by independent researchers that a company’s software could be hacked until it was already fixed. Even now, the Commerce Department has been trying to fine-tune those rules. The next meeting of a conference on the subject is April 8 in Chicago and it’s unclear how the FBI’s behavior in the current case might influence the government’s fragile relationship with technology companies or researchers.
The industry’s rules are not legally binding, but the government’s top intelligence agency said in 2014 that such vulnerabilities should be reported to companies and the Obama administration put forward an interagency process to do so.
“When federal agencies discover a new vulnerability in commercial and open source software — a so-called ‘zero day’ vulnerability because the developers of the vulnerable software have had zero days to fix it — it is in the national interest to responsibly disclose the vulnerability rather than to hold it for an investigative or intelligence purpose,” the Office of the Director of National Intelligence said in a statement in April 2014.
截至2002,国土安全部成立了一个工作组,其中包括先进技术行业的管理人员,给总统提供防止机密被黑客盗取的建议。商务部一直在努力对这些规则进行微调。关于这一主题的下一次会议在芝加哥召开,目前还不清楚FBI在本案中的行为如何,可能会影响政府与科技公司或研究人员之间的关系。
行业规则不具有法律约束力,但政府最高情报机构表示,2014的此类漏洞应报公司和奥巴马政府,并提出的一个跨部门的流程去做。


原文链接:https://sg.news.yahoo.com/apple-remains-dark-fbi-hacked-072634235.html

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